Acquired brain injury
Brain injury happens when the brain tissue suffers an acute injury resulting in temporary, long-term or permanent damage.
Causes of brain injury
The brain is a very complex organ and can be injured in many ways. Common traumatic causes include falls, motor vehicle collisions, assaults, being struck by an object, sporting accidents, drowning, seizure disorders, and poisonings. Stroke and aneurysm are the two most common causes of non-traumatic injuries. Brain injuries can have many effects and range in severity from a mild concussion to very severe.
Areas affected can include:
- Memory and thinking skills
- Speech and communication
- Mobility (limb paralysis, decreased balance, loss of co-ordination)
How Town Healing Hands Physio Therapist help?
Physiotherapists at Healing Hands are a key part of the brain injury rehabilitation team because of their skill in assessing how the brain injury has affected coordination, strength, balance, the ability to walk, and to do other mobility skills. Healing Hands physiotherapists help brain injured patients restore or maximize function and learn new ways of doing everyday tasks. Each physiotherapy program is tailored to the patient’s injury and situation.
Healing Hands physiotherapist will:
- Assess specific physical problems such as weakness, poor balance or decreased co-ordination as it affects mobility and function
- Set goals for recovery in collaboration with you and your family
- Design a therapeutic exercise and movement retraining program to treat functional limitations
- Work closely with other rehabilitation team members to coordinate and provide follow-up arrangements or assistive devices (walking aids, splints) if needed to promote continued activity
Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury is most commonly caused by trauma like car accidents, falls, work/industrial incidents, and sporting activities like diving into shallow water. However, some spinal cord injuries are caused by medical conditions like tumors or cysts on the spine or viral/bacterial infections (e.g., polio).
Causes of spinal cord injury
A spinal cord is a bundle of nerves about 18 inches long that runs from the base of the brain down the back. It is protected by vertebrae (bones that make up the spine) and is a body’s communication superhighway. It sends messages back and forth from the brain to control movement and feel sensation. When the spinal cord is injured, messages can no longer get through, resulting in loss of feeling and paralysis below the injured part of the spinal cord. Spinal cord injury can also affect how some internal organs work.
How Healing Hands physiotherapists help
Physiotherapists at Healing Hands can assess how the injury has affected your ability to move then develop strategies to help optimize movement and function. Healing Hands physiotherapists help by:
- Determining if some recovery is possible in paralyzed limbs. If so, they help regain or maximize the ability to use affected limbs
- Teaching new ways to move
- Teaching long-term movement skills like walking with mobility aids or wheelchair skill training
- Providing education and exercises to prevent future mobility problems
Post Stroke Rehabilitation
A stoke is a sudden loss of brain function caused by the interruption of blood to the brain. Nationally about 50,000 Nepalis suffer a stroke each year and another 300,000 are living with the effects of stroke. The physical results depend on how much damage is done and where. Your ability to speak, move, walk, balance, and perform normal daily activities can be severely affected or even lost. After a stroke about 75% of sufferers live with physical problems limiting their ability to live independently or return to normal activities.
Causes of stroke
A stroke occurs when the blood flow to part of the brain is cut off by a blocked or burst blood vessel in the brain. Your brain then loses oxygen. If your brain cells don’t get enough oxygen, they die. Family history of stroke or heart disease can increase your stroke risk as can lifestyle factors like diet, being overweight, smoking, and lack of exercise. In some cases there is no obvious cause.
How Healing Hands Physio Therapists help?
As key players in stroke rehabilitation, physiotherapists assess how the stroke has affected you, your ability to move, sit, stand, and walk. Right after the stroke, your physiotherapist will:
- Work with you to regain movement and mobility
- Help you recover movement in the affected limbs
- Work to retrain basic mobility like getting out-of-bed, sitting-up
- Provide exercises and specific movement retraining
Healing Hands physiotherapists will work with you (and your family) to set longer-term recovery goals to become as physically independent as possible. Treatment may include:
- Progression to standing, walking, stair climbing
- Limb and trunk strengthening exercises
- Help with finding assistive devices (e.g., walkers, bath rails, lifts) to achieve safe and independent function
Throughout your recovery, your physiotherapist will continually monitor progress and adjust the rehabilitation program to your recovery goals.